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batch mode compilers are basically wholly an end result of the capitalist mindset. if we're looking forward (or backwards) to a time when to use a computer and to program a computer are identical operations, there's no advantage - and a colossal disadvantage - to having source compiled once, in advance, and the result preserved in aspic

even - maybe especially! - in small computers

@millihertz I hadn't really thought about it that way, but I think you're right. It fits right in with computers going from a thing users were expected to program to a platform for running commercial software, which I like to refer to as "apps" even though it's a much newer term than the phenomenon.

@millihertz IBM's first portable computer, the 5100 from 1975, even came with APL. The 5150 shipped with ROM BASIC, but obviously it was meant to run DOS, and IIRC if you wanted to run a BASIC program you first had to run basic.com or basica.com, then load the program, then run it. It's almost like they deliberately made it harder to run BASIC code than binary code.

@freakazoid @millihertz At least with basica.com, I think you could specify a .bas file on the command line for it to load and run.

@vertigo @millihertz That would mean you could just include a .bat file that would start it, but that still means three different files have to be on the diskette: basica.com, the .bat, and the .bas. And of course even then it would only run on an original 5150 since AFAIK none of the clones had IBM's ROM BASIC.

@freakazoid @millihertz

Basica.com did not rely on the ROM. Not sure about basic.com.

I remember using basica on several PC compatibles which didn't have BASIC in ROM.

@freakazoid @millihertz Though, to be sure, basica was shortly replaced with gwbasic.exe anyway. Thankfully, they were compatible.

@vertigo @millihertz
"BASICA will not run on non-IBM computers (even so-called "100% compatible" machines) or later IBM models, since those lack the
needed ROM BASIC."

There was Compaq BASIC and then GW-BASIC that didn't require the Cassette BASIC ROM, but none was called basica.com that I know of. Maybe there was a stub for compatibility with batch files?

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IBM_BASI

@freakazoid @millihertz That was probably what it was. I remember the computer I ran BASIC on in school was an AT&T model of PC. It probably was just a small binary program that someone entered in via debug.com which resulted in the execution of gwbasic.

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